HOW MY CREDIT SCORE AFFECTS MY AUTO LOANCar shoppers with low credit scores often visit multiple car lots trying to learn how their credit score will affect purchasing a new car. Though the process may seem complex, understanding your credit score can make it a lot easier. Here’s the breakdown of credit ratings, buying a car with a low score, and how an auto loan can help you rebuild for your future.
WHAT IS A CREDIT SCORE?A credit score is a three digit number that represents your credit history. Many credit scoring calculators exist, but the one that you should pay attention tois your FICO score. FICO credit scores range from 300-850. Your credit score dictates the interest you will pay on your auto loan.
|Score||Intrest Rate||Possible Reason|
|Under 580||At risk of being denied any type of loan||Unpaid accounts, collections, short history, multiple lines of credit|
|580-640||Higher interest rates||History of late payments to lenders, not enough credit history|
|640-700||Lower interest rates||Low balance on accounts|
|Over 700||Best interest rates||On-time payments, long history|
WHAT IS CALCULATED IN MY CREDIT SCORE?Your score is based on your credit history. The types of credit can include credit cards, mortgages, student loans, and auto loans. In addition to the types of credit, your FICO score also calculates your payment history, term length of loan, how often you use the accounts, and how many lines of credit are opened. Every individual’s credit is calculated differently; however, FICO maintains a percentage breakdown for each score.
HOW BAD CREDIT CAN AFFECT YOUR CAR LOAN
If you score a 700 or higher, you will get the best interest rate on an auto loan. If your score is lower than 580, you could be looking at an interest rate as high as 20 percent. In addition to your credit score, lenders will look at your debt to income ratio, length term of the loan, amount needed, and the age of the vehicle. Check out this article that details the five things lenders use to decide auto loan interest rates.
As you shop for a car, try to avoid ‘buy here pay here’ dealerships, these types of dealerships often do not report to credit agencies, thus your score won’t change even if your loan is paid on time and in full.
HOW YOU CAN REBUILD YOUR CREDIT
If you are trying to improve your credit score, it’s important to note that it’s a process and it takes time. Building your credit is often compared to losing weight: there is no quick fix and it takes consistency and time. There are three things you can do right now to start rebuilding your score:
Check your credit report.
You can request a free copy of your credit report and check it for errors. Your report includes data that is used to calculate your credit score. Check to make sure there are no late payments listed incorrectly, and the amounts owed on each account are updated. If you find any errors, contact the credit bureau and file a dispute.
Reduce your overall debt.
Start a plan that puts most of your available budget towards making payments on the lines of credit with the highest interest rates and then continue the minimum payments on all other accounts. Reducing the amount you owe will be a greater achievement that just increasing your score.
Setup payment reminders.
Most lenders and bank institutions will allow their customers to set up automatic payments with email or text message reminders each month. Making your payments on time is one of the biggest contributing factors to your overall credit score.